Maybe you are interested in changing your career and have constantly seen the words “full-stack web development” on almost every technical education site and job applications. Considering that the most (47%) of expert coders surveyed in Stack Overflow survey of 2022 are full-stack web developers, what this role includes is still a bit blurry.
Let’s discuss what is full-stack development and what a full-stack developer does?
There are two common fields of full-stack developer’s skill set – front-end development and back-end development.
- What is Front-end Development?
This full-stack developer skill set includes your website’s actual presentation; how the information on your site is presented in browsers.
Everything that you see on a site — the interface, placement of images and text, fonts, keys, colors, and so on — are factors that the front-end developers must take into consideration.
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The primary goal of a front-end developer is to provide a platform for visitors to communicate, a platform that receives and provides information. This means that some developers are well-versed in web designing and using lease management software, such as illustrator and photoshop to make themed layouts and graphics.
additional skills of a front-end web developer could consist of user interface (UI) design and user experience (UX) design, skills that help a team assess the best ways of collecting and displaying information. A front-end developer with the possession of these designing skills is potentially far valuable since they can recognize the website’s look and feel while evaluating the technical abilities of such a design simultaneously.
It is significant to know that these additional skills can be useful for a developer, but they are not for the job.
Now that we know about the interface, let’s look at what the “under the hood” coding looks like.
- What is Back-end Development?
Creating, editing/updating, and collecting data are some of the most common processes connected to back-end development.
Some examples of commonly used scripting languages are Ruby, PHP, and the most well-known these days, Python. A back-end developer can create business logic and algorithms with these languages to manipulate the data received during front-end development.
This states that a back-end developer needs to be able to code to get the data input from a user and also store it somewhere, like a database.
There are two primary types of databases: relational (like MySQL and PostgreSQL) and non-relational management systems, such as Mongo. The language utilized for managing databases is SQL, it helps the developers communicate with the database. You can begin with it by enrolling in a full stack course.
The ideas may sound unfamiliar, but understand that other database management systems related to convenience and use are there.
Server management is another element of back-end development, which are applications hosting the database and serving the website. A substitute for knowing how to handle servers is using cloud-related platforms that offer infrastructures, like Amazon Web Services or Heroku.
Understanding server management enables a developer to fix slow application issues and even show how scalable their sites are to get more users.
Who is a Full-Stack Developer?
Full stack developers are professionals in both the front-end (client side) and back-end (server side); the entire technology stack that makes up a website.
They are skilled in both the front-end and back-end development languages and frameworks, also in server, hosting environments, and network.
To achieve this width and depth of knowledge, full-stack developers have spent years working in various positions. In addition, they tend to be well-informed about both user experience and business logic, which means they are not just well-equipped to get started, but can also consult and guide on strategy as well.
Work of a Full-Stack Web Developer
A full-stack developer working as a freelance programmer is more likely to be working on all aspects of a project compared to one working in a team for a multinational company.
An overview of some full-stack web developer responsibilities:
- Designing user communications with front-end code
- Ensuring that webpages are mobile-friendly
- Building and managing databases and servers
- Getting design transfers from UI and UX designers and coding them
- Debugging and testing on the front-end and back-end
- Developing and designing APIs
- Writing documents
- Interacting with data scientists and analysts about data architecture
- Staying updated on the latest technologies which can enhance technology and improve customer experience
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